ISO 14001:2004 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207 "Environmental management" in collaboration with CMC.
Organizations of all kinds are increasingly concerned with achieving and demonstrating sound environmental performance by controlling the impacts of their activities, products and services on the environment, consistent with their environmental policy and objectives. They do so in the context of increasingly stringent legislation, the development of economic policies and other measures that foster environmental protection, and increased concern expressed by interested parties about environmental matters and sustainable development.
ISO 14001 standards covering environmental management are intended to provide organizations an effective environmental management system (EMS) that can be integrated with other management requirements and help organizations to achieve environmental and economic goals. This Standard, like other International Standards, is not intended to be used to create non-tariff trade barriers or to increase or change an organization's legal obligations.
This Standard specifies requirements for an environmental management system that enables an organization to develop and implement a policy and objectives which take into account legal requirements and information about significant environmental aspects. It is intended to apply to all types and sizes of organization and to accommodate diverse geographical, cultural and social conditions.
ISO 14001 Standard is based on methodology known as Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA). PDCA can be briefly defined as follows:
- Plan: establish the objectives and processes necessary to deliver results in accordance with
the organization's environmental policy.
- Do: implement the processes.
- Check: monitor and measure processes against environmental policy, objectives, targets, legal
and other requirements, and report the results.
- Act: take actions to continually improve performance of the environmental management system